# How to calculate outstanding shares

There are also considerations to a company’s outstanding shares if they’re blue chips. As mentioned, companies may offer them to existing shareholders or new investors. Companies also need to have a margin between authorized shares and currently issued shares to make new issues. Understanding a company’s outstanding shares is an essential part of determining its value. The total number of shares issued by a company that are held by shareholders is referred to as outstanding shares. Knowing how to calculate outstanding shares is crucial for investors and analysts who need to analyze a company’s equity structure and ownership.

When a company goes public, it issues shares of stock as a way to raise capital. Outstanding shares are the total number of shares that have been issued shares outstanding formula by the company and are currently held by shareholders. ABC Limited has an Authorized Share Capital of \$ comprising shares of Face Value of \$10 each.

## What Are Outstanding Shares?

The outstanding shares figure is useful to know for an investor that is contemplating buying shares in a company. Dividing the number of shares to be purchased by the number of shares outstanding reveals the percentage of ownership that the investor will have in the business after the shares have been purchased. Navigating the world of outstanding shares is essential for anyone involved in the financial markets. Armed with this knowledge, investors can make informed decisions, contributing to a robust and strategic investment portfolio. An increase can dilute the value of existing shares, affecting earnings per share (EPS) and potentially impacting stock prices. Company B has 50 million shares outstanding, but it recently underwent a 2-for-1 stock split.

They carry an inherently higher risk than large-cap companies because they are not as established, but they are attractive for their growth potential. Using the SUMPRODUCT function, we’ll calculate the weighted average shares outstanding over fiscal year 2021, which comes out to 448,265. A company’s public float is often expressed as a figure or a percentage of the company’s total outstanding shares. For example, if a company has 10 million shares outstanding and its CEO holds 2 million of those, the company has 8 million floating shares, or 80 percent float. Here’s what you need to know about the different share counts that publicly traded companies use, as well as how you can calculate the number of outstanding common shares.

## How to Calculate Shares

A stock dividend, on the other hand, is when a company distributes additional shares to its shareholders instead of issuing a cash dividend. The number of outstanding shares increases, but the price per share decreases proportionally. When calculating outstanding shares after a stock dividend, adjust the total number of https://www.bookstime.com/ shares issued to include the additional shares distributed as dividends. A stock split is when a company increases the number of shares outstanding by issuing additional shares to current shareholders. For example, a 2-for-1 stock split would double the number of outstanding shares while halving the price per share.

• Before their availability on the secondary market, shares are authorized, issued, and, finally, purchased by investors who became equity owners or shareholders of the issuing company.
• Shareholders of common stock typically possess the right to participate in annual shareholders meetings and contribute toward the election of the company’s board of directors.
• The Company form, which is one of the most popular forms of conducting business, issues shares to the owners in proportion to the Equity capital they contributed to the business.
• It is a simple but important measure that is calculated by multiplying a company’s shares outstanding by its price per share.
• Diluted Share Outstanding is an important yardstick that impacts the company’s Earnings per Share.
• Generally speaking, stocks with smaller floats will experience more volatility than those with larger floats.

The number of shares of common stock outstanding is a metric that tells us how many shares of a company are currently owned by investors. This can often be found in a company’s financial statements, but is not always readily available — rather, you may see terms like “issued shares” and “treasury shares” instead. Besides, it can be helpful to understand where the numbers you’re looking at came from. Let us consider an example of a company named KLX Inc. in order to illustrate the computation of shares outstanding. During 2018, the company repurchased 0.3 million common stocks and 0.1 million preferred stocks.

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Shares are often over- or undervalued by the market, meaning the market price determines only how much the market is willing to pay for its shares. An additional metric used alongside shares outstanding is a company’s “float,” which refers to the shares available for investors to buy and sell on the open market. The number of authorized shares can be substantially greater than the number of shares outstanding since authorized shares represent the maximum possible number of shares a company can issue. The outstanding number of shares may be either equal to or less than the number of authorized shares. For example, a company might authorize 10 million shares to be created for its IPO, but end up actually only issuing nine million of the shares.

When you buy stock in a company, you are buying an ownership stake, which is issued as a share of stock. Factors like stock buybacks or issuance of new shares can alter the number of outstanding shares. The number of shares outstanding of a company can be found in its quarterly or annual filings (10-Qs or 10-Ks). Since technology is not going anywhere and does more good than harm, adapting is the best course of action.

## Factors Influencing Outstanding Shares

Here, the balance sheet reports 8,019 million shares issued and 3,901 million treasury shares, as of September 30, 2022. For example, when shares outstanding are going up, the ownership stake of shareholders is diluted. And when shares are bought back, investors end up owning more of the company.

• Corporations raise money through an initial public offering (IPO) by exchanging equity stakes in the company for financing.
• A security’s market capitalization may change over time due to the outstanding number of shares.
• Companies with options, convertible bonds, etc., disclose both basic as well as diluted EPS in their financial disclosures.
• The investor would multiply the number of shares acquired at each price by that price and then add those values together.
• The weighted average shares outstanding represents the number of common shares outstanding, after adjusting for the share count changes that occurred throughout a given period.
• However, investors must purchase those shares for the company to receive finance.

Volatility profiles based on trailing-three-year calculations of the standard deviation of service investment returns. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Over 1.8 million professionals use CFI to learn accounting, financial analysis, modeling and more.

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